The latest important research summarised

Short summaries of the latest health research presented in plain English to promote use of research by all members of society.


Advance care planning is welcomed by older people after an emergency admission

Emergency admissions may be an appropriate time to start advance care planning for older people. New research found that people over 70 generally welcomed these discussions in hospital. Advance care planning allows people to think and talk about the care they would like to receive, including in their final months of life. These discussions are ...


New tool can predict the risks of surgery for people with COVID-19

A new tool, called CovidSurg, can predict the risks of surgery for people who develop COVID-19. It gives a score based on readily available information, and could help patients and professionals discuss and manage the likely risks. The tool, which was developed using machine learning, is free for surgical teams around the world to use.  ...


Better pathways promote physical activity and can decrease health inequalities

Better pathways promote walking and cycling among local residents. New research has shown that features of the pathways influence which groups of people use them most. For example, use of paths near public transport increased at peak commuting times. Such features impact the cost-effectiveness of pathways and need to be considered at the planning stage, ...


Continuous monitoring of sugar levels in premature infants is better than standard care

Continuous monitoring of blood sugar (glucose) in premature infants leads to better control than the standard approach of intermittent testing, a new study found. Research suggests it could prevent serious health and developmental problems in the infants.  In standard intensive care for newborns (neonatal care), babies need to have their blood sampled every few hours. ...


Earlier decisions on breast and ovarian surgery reduce cancer in women at high risk

Surgery to remove breasts or ovaries effectively reduces the risk of breast or ovarian cancers. A new study looked at women at high risk of developing these cancers. They did not have cancer, but had a positive genetic test which demonstrated that their genes put them at high risk of developing it. Most of the ...


Self-testing for sexually transmitted infections increases diagnoses while reducing costs

Self-testing kits for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) could increase diagnoses while reducing costs. In a new study, people took samples from 3 different sites in the body then pooled the 3 swabs in one container. The swabs were analysed in a single test for the common bacterial infections, gonorrhoea and chlamydia.  The researchers concluded that ...


Increased rates of organ damage are seen in people discharged from hospital after COVID-19

People discharged from hospital after being treated for COVID-19 have increased rates of organ damage, readmission and death, compared to the general population. New research suggests that COVID-19 might place a greater burden on healthcare systems than was previously thought. COVID-19 is known to affect the respiratory system. Increasing evidence suggests it also affects other ...


People carrying excess weight have an increased risk of severe COVID-19

Carrying excess weight increases the risk of becoming seriously unwell with COVID-19. New research found that excess weight increases the chance of admission to hospital or intensive care, or of dying. The under 40s and people of Black ethnicity were more affected by excess weight than others. Early in the pandemic, small studies suggested that ...


How can acute mental health wards be improved?

Service users, carers and nurses suggested ways of improving acute mental health wards. In a new study, they came up with a list of potential improvements, including less paperwork and more staff training. Service users suggested events in which they could interact with nurses through ordinary activities such as playing music or going for a ...


Many people with mental illness did not seek help during the first lockdown; research highlights unmet need

The number of people with mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, and self-harm increased during the UK’s first lockdown. But a huge study across England found that fewer people asked their GP or hospital for mental health support.  The research team looked at primary care records to find the numbers of people who sought ...

1011 Results 10 20 30 Results per page