Evidence
Alert

Mixed evidence shows some impact of mass media campaigns promoting tobacco control, physical activity and sexual health

Mass media campaigns have demonstrated effectiveness for promoting tobacco control, physical activity and sexual health. Most of the evidence relates to improving awareness of health risks or the availability of services. However, for those aimed at the risks associated with sedentary lifestyles, smoking or sexual behaviours, there are signs that the campaigns also achieved positive ...

Alert

Teaching sexual health at school improved knowledge but not safe sex practices

School-based sexual health interventions improved knowledge and attitudes in school students up to 18. However, they failed to consistently improve safe sex practices or reduce unwanted pregnancies. Abstinence-based messages were least effective. This review of reviews included 37 systematic reviews of school-based sexual health interventions. It excluded low-quality reviews and spanned 1990 to 2016, so ...

Collection

Improving men’s health outcomes

This Collection brings together evidence from research funded or supported by NIHR about some ways to improve particular men’s health outcomes. Three of the Alerts we have chosen concern prostate cancer, the most commonly-diagnosed cancer in the UK. Across the UK, one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime and ...

Alert

Mental health problems in complex trauma: the most promising therapies are identified in a new review

Complex trauma arises from events that happen repeatedly and are difficult to escape from, such as war, childhood abuse and violence. People may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Mental health services are ill-equipped to help them, due to a lack of clear evidence on the best therapies for ...

Themed Review

Better Health and Care for All

Download the PDF  Foreword The last thirty years has seen big changes in health and social care to support people with learning disabilities. This includes a move from long-stay hospitals to supporting more people to live well in the community. But it is not easy – and we still have a long way to go ...

Alert

Social exclusion heightens risk of death across many health conditions

Socially excluded men have a mortality rate that is nearly eight times higher than the average for other men, and it is almost 12 times higher for excluded women. These health inequities in outcomes exist across a wide range of health conditions, particularly in infectious diseases and mental health. These findings suggest the need for ...

Alert

Breaking multiple unhealthy habits all at once has modest impact, but not always…

Tackling unhealthy lifestyles can lead to modest improvements in diet, physical activity and smoking behaviours. But in a few studies, trying to change smoking alongside diet or physical activity appeared to be less effective than if these were tackled sequentially. Many people in the UK have two or more unhealthy habits that significantly increase their ...

Alert

Men find self-testing acceptable to test for sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common and treatable but men are more reluctant than women to have a test. Self-testing is known to be accurate, but can men use this more? Most men aged 18-35 would be willing to collect and send off a urine sample using a kit to test for STIs, according to ...

Alert

Video or Facebook pages describing normality seem to reduce sexually transmitted infections in youth

Brief interventions of up to 30 mins that focus on what is normal healthy behaviour and include video or new media, may help reduce sexually transmitted infections in youth under 25. The rates of infections such as HIV and chlamydia fell in some examples. The uptake of testing improved and self-reported risky behaviour reduced in ...

Alert

Better evaluation of physical health services for people with severe mental illness is needed

Approaches to improve the integration of physical health services for people with severe mental illness are generally poorly described, and most evaluations are small in scale and poorly reported. Better descriptions and evaluations are needed to help identify and replicate best practice in the UK. About 1% of the UK population have severe mental illness, ...

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