Evidence
Collection

Catching cancer early: how research could help us improve

The need Catching cancer earlier is one of the most effective ways to improve survival. It means patients can receive treatment sooner, making it more likely the cancer can be cured.  Cancer survival has been improving in the UK, but it still lags behind comparable countries. The NHS Long Term Plan aims to save thousands ...

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Care home staff saw long-term benefits from an intervention to help people with dementia

Long-term improvements in dementia care were found in a new study. Care home staff reported benefits from a programme called MARQUE (Managing Agitation and Raising Quality of life) two years after it was introduced. The MARQUE programme includes a range of techniques to help staff get to know residents' interests, address their agitation, and improve ...

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Stressing the personal benefits of the COVID-19 vaccine could encourage more people to accept

Most people in the UK accept the COVID-19 vaccine when it is offered. But some are hesitant. New research has explored whether different versions of written information could change people's views. It found that, among those who were hesitant, stressing the personal benefits of the vaccine was more effective than stressing benefits to the community. ...

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Statins do not commonly cause muscle pain and stiffness

Statins are a group of drugs which lower levels of fat (cholesterol) in the blood. They reduce the risk of heart attacks and stroke. Despite this, many people prescribed statins stop taking them, sometimes through concerns about side effects. New research finds that statins do not commonly cause pain, stiffness and weakness in the muscles. ...

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How to improve information for people with osteoporosis

Much information about the bone condition, osteoporosis, is too difficult to understand. It is also sometimes misleading. New research makes recommendations for improvements. The aim is for people with the condition to have high quality, more readable information.  People with osteoporosis have weakened bones that become more likely to break. Many know little about their ...

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Diabetes checks: delays in treatment are reduced when support staff assess eye images

People living with diabetes need regular eye examinations to prevent serious problems with their vision. A shortage of eye specialists (ophthalmologists) is leading to delays in appointments. New research suggests that support staff could be trained to read images of the back of the eye (retina) almost as well as ophthalmologists.  Most of the support ...

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Advice by mail is as effective as targeted interventions at preventing fall-related injuries in older people

A booklet containing advice on falls prevention reduced fractures as effectively as more intensive interventions. In a large study, the booklet was sent to older people by post. This advice alone prevented as many fractures as an exercise programme, or as multiple assessments by a range of professionals, the study found.   Falls and fall-related injuries, ...

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How can we reduce the toll of loneliness in older adults?

In this podcast, Editor in Chief, Helen Saul explores research from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) into loneliness among older adults. She is joined by Andrew Steptoe, Professor of Psychology at UCL who carried out some of the studies. Kalpa Karicha, from the Campaign to End Loneliness, discussed the implications for many of ...

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Why don’t teenagers seek help for anxiety and depression?

Shame, stigma, and a lack of knowledge about mental health problems, are some of the barriers that prevent young people from seeking professional help for anxiety and depression. New research has identified many of these barriers.  Some, such as a lack of trust in professionals, or limited support from their families, could also affect other ...

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Carers of people with dementia benefit from online help for anxiety and depression

Online education can improve the mental health of people caring for those with dementia. A new study recommends that online education packages should be widely available for carers with anxiety or depression. Online cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) combined with telephone support was equally effective, but used more resources. Many of those who care for people ...

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