Evidence
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INCLUDE Roadmap can help researchers make trials more inclusive

Many groups – such as women, older people and ethnic minorities – are under-served in clinical trials. An NIHR project aims to ensure that health research includes the people who most need it. The project is called Innovations in Clinical Trial Design and Delivery for the Under-served (INCLUDE); the current research formed the first phase ...

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Artificial intelligence can predict the development of a leading cause of blindness

Artificial intelligence (AI) predicted the development of a leading cause of blindness in new research. A collaboration between Moorfields Eye Hospital in London and Google’s DeepMind and Google Health found that AI predicted the development of wet age-related macular degeneration (wet-AMD) more accurately than clinicians. Wet-AMD can lead to rapid and severe loss of sight. ...

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Befriending programmes for people with psychosis can be challenging but beneficial to both parties

Befriending programmes are designed to help people who are likely to be socially isolated. This could be due to illness, including mental illness, or old age. Befrienders are often volunteers who make a commitment to have regular meetings with an individual they are put in touch with, often via a service. People with psychosis are ...

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National infection control campaigns led to a rapid decline in superbug infections in UK intensive care units

In the early 2000s, bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics were widespread in UK hospitals and a strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) posed a major threat to public health. This led to nationwide infection control programmes in the mid-2000s, with a rapid decline in rates in NHS hospitals over the following decade. This study ...

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The glaucoma patients most at risk of sight loss were identified in a new study

People with glaucoma in both eyes, high pressure in the eyes and small amounts of bleeding in the eye (disc haemorrhages) have an increased risk of sight loss. These risk factors for sight loss were revealed in new analysis of study data. Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the optic nerve connecting the ...

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British-Bangladeshi parents offer better nutrition to their children when interventions involve the community

Participants discuss the Nurture Early for Optimal Nutrition (NEON) study.  The video transcript is available here.   Efforts to help parents feed and care for young children should be developed with the input and assistance of relevant ethnic communities, a new study shows. Different generations within the British-Bangladeshi population of East London offered key information ...

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Women with womb cancer are to be offered a genetic test for Lynch syndrome

All women undergoing treatment for womb cancer are to be offered tests for an inherited genetic condition. New guidance from NICE was published on 28 October. It follows research that showed that almost all women invited to have the test took up the offer. Around three to four in 100 women with womb (endometrial) cancer ...

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Breast cancer surgery is safer for older women than has been assumed

Surgeons in the UK vary significantly in their willingness to perform surgery on older women with breast cancer. Many assume that surgery on these patients is not safe. Now a study of over 3,000 women in the UK has shown that breast cancer surgery is a safe option for women over 70. However, the more ...

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Testing for hepatitis in A&E departments is likely to be cost-effective in many areas of the UK

Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments may be a cost-effective location for testing for hepatitis, new research has found. Rates of hepatitis are higher among A&E patients than in the general population. This is because hepatitis is more common among marginalised communities - including people who are homeless or who inject drugs - and they attend ...

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Stroke survivors with vision impairments need personalised rehabilitation and greater support

People who survive a stroke but suffer loss of vision do not always receive the care they need. A group of patients in northwest England said the rehabilitation they received was not personalised. Some had met with apathy from health professionals. Focus groups and interviews revealed that patients with loss of vision experience long-term emotional, ...

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