Evidence

Collections

Bringing together NIHR research on a particular theme

Overview of recent research on topics or themes that have been highlighted as being of interest by members of the community.

Collection

Improving the quality of care in care homes: what does the evidence tell us?

Introduction Care homes look after some of the most vulnerable people in our society. In 2020, there were 419,000 people living in care homes. Three in four residents are over the age of 75; almost as many (70%) have dementia. For this and other reasons, many have difficulties with communication, and mental health problems such ...

Collection

Catching cancer early: how research could help us improve

The need Catching cancer earlier is one of the most effective ways to improve survival. It means patients can receive treatment sooner, making it more likely the cancer can be cured.  Cancer survival has been improving in the UK, but it still lags behind comparable countries. The NHS Long Term Plan aims to save thousands ...

Collection

How can we reduce the toll of loneliness in older adults?

In this podcast, Editor in Chief, Helen Saul explores research from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) into loneliness among older adults. She is joined by Andrew Steptoe, Professor of Psychology at UCL who carried out some of the studies. Kalpa Karicha, from the Campaign to End Loneliness, discussed the implications for many of ...

Collection

Rehabilitation: how can services meet demand?

The need Rehabilitation aims to give people the tools they need to lead the fullest lives possible. It helps them to regain skills, abilities, or knowledge that may have been lost or compromised through illness, injury, or acquiring a disability. At its best, rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary, person-centred treatment for anyone with a health condition, ...

Collection

Why we need more inclusive research

“Health and social care research also has a fundamental role to play in helping to reduce the disparities that exist in health outcomes caused by socio-economic factors, geography, age and ethnicity. Working with partners, NIHR needs to tackle the ingrained injustices that exist in the world of research in terms of who is involved, engaged ...

Collection

Brief conversations in primary care: an opportunity to boost health

Primary care is the ideal place to offer lifestyle and mental health advice; millions of people visit every month. The briefest of conversations can make a difference. New research from the NIHR offers advice to staff on how to maximise the impact of each encounter. GPs and nurses can be reassured that individuals value their ...

Collection

Multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity): making sense of the evidence

Foreword “Multimorbidity has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing health services, both presently and in the coming decades”. (Pearson-Stuttard et al., 2019) Addressing the population and service challenges presented by multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity) is a local and national priority and a major strategic priority for the NIHR. It was highlighted in the ...

Collection

Improving men’s health outcomes

This Collection brings together evidence from research funded or supported by NIHR about some ways to improve particular men’s health outcomes. Three of the Alerts we have chosen concern prostate cancer, the most commonly-diagnosed cancer in the UK. Across the UK, one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime and ...

Collection

Patient experience

From the moment of diagnosis  to the provision of support, understanding patient experience is a key step to improving quality of care. An evidence-based approach to patient experience can help ensure health and care services listen to and work with patients to improve the experience of care. This Collection brings together NIHR research relating to ...

Collection

Dementia

Dementia is a group of symptoms associated with a loss of brain function. The symptoms can include loss of memory, mood changes and confusion. There are many different causes of dementia, and many different types, including Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. In the UK,  850,000 people currently live with dementia. Around one in 14 people ...

Collection

Women’s Health

Women's health is a broad branch of medicine covering the diagnosis, treatment and management of health concerns that are often unique to women. Many of the health issues relate to reproductive health and childbirth, including fertility, contraception, pregnancy and menstruation. This Collection brings together NIHR research on several areas of women’s health. We asked a ...

Collection

Diabetes

The impact of diabetes and the challenges it presents individual patients, their families and health services is a major issue of interest and concern. At present an estimated 3.5 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes but it is predicted that up to a further 549,00 people have diabetes that is yet ...

Collection

Clinical decision support tools

Clinical decision support tools aim to improve healthcare delivery by enhancing decision making through the provision of targeted health information. The evolution of clinical decision support tools has been boosted by the introduction of new technologies, and their evaluation as useful resources continues to be an area of high interest for health professionals. This Collection ...

Collection

Mental health and COVID-19

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic and the constraints it has imposed on people is an issue of interest and concern to patients, service users, carers and health and social care professionals alike. In pandemic conditions it is likely that people’s existing mental health problems may get worse. Mental health may also decline because of social ...

Collection

5 ways research could save the NHS money

More than 80% of total knee replacements can last for 25 years An NIHR-funded study showed that about 82% of total knee replacements and 70% of partial (unicompartmental) knee replacements last for 25 years. In 2017 there were 106,334 knee replacement procedures carried out in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. This research suggests people could be ...

Collection

My Signals - Depression

In Collections, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked nine mental health practitioners and members of the public to tell us which Alerts have interested them most. Michelle Edgar A former ...

Collection

My Signals - Patients, 2019

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked seven members of the public to tell us which Signals have interested them most and explain why they feel the findings ...

Collection

My Signals - Occupational Therapy

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked seven occupational therapists to tell us which Signals have interested them most and explain why they feel the findings are worth ...

Collection

Financial Incentives for Patients

Whether attending screening appointments, taking medication correctly, quitting smoking, or increasing physical activity, there are many situations where changing behaviour is important for health. However, it is often not clear how best to help people make healthy changes. In the case of tobacco or alcohol consumption, there is good evidence that financial disincentives, such as ...

Collection

Management of Labour

Labour has three stages: The first stage is when the neck of the womb opens to 10cm dilated. The second stage is when the baby moves down through the vagina and is born. The third stage is when the placenta (afterbirth) is delivered. Labour and birth are intense and personal experiences.  Pregnancy can be a time of great anticipation and excitement but parents-to-be ...

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