Bringing together NIHR research on a particular theme

Overview of recent research on topics or themes that have been highlighted as being of interest by members of the community.


Improving the quality of care in care homes: what does the evidence tell us?

Introduction Care homes look after some of the most vulnerable people in our society. In 2020, there were 419,000 people living in care homes. Three in four residents are over the age of 75; almost as many (70%) have dementia. For this and other reasons, many have difficulties with communication, and mental health problems such ...


Catching cancer early: how research could help us improve

The need Catching cancer earlier is one of the most effective ways to improve survival. It means patients can receive treatment sooner, making it more likely the cancer can be cured.  Cancer survival has been improving in the UK, but it still lags behind comparable countries. The NHS Long Term Plan aims to save thousands ...


How can we reduce the toll of loneliness in older adults?

In this podcast, Editor in Chief, Helen Saul explores research from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) into loneliness among older adults. She is joined by Andrew Steptoe, Professor of Psychology at UCL who carried out some of the studies. Kalpa Karicha, from the Campaign to End Loneliness, discussed the implications for many of ...


Rehabilitation: how can services meet demand?

The need Rehabilitation aims to give people the tools they need to lead the fullest lives possible. It helps them to regain skills, abilities, or knowledge that may have been lost or compromised through illness, injury, or acquiring a disability. At its best, rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary, person-centred treatment for anyone with a health condition, ...


Why we need more inclusive research

“Health and social care research also has a fundamental role to play in helping to reduce the disparities that exist in health outcomes caused by socio-economic factors, geography, age and ethnicity. Working with partners, NIHR needs to tackle the ingrained injustices that exist in the world of research in terms of who is involved, engaged ...


Brief conversations in primary care: an opportunity to boost health

Primary care is the ideal place to offer lifestyle and mental health advice; millions of people visit every month. The briefest of conversations can make a difference. New research from the NIHR offers advice to staff on how to maximise the impact of each encounter. GPs and nurses can be reassured that individuals value their ...


Multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity): making sense of the evidence

Foreword “Multimorbidity has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing health services, both presently and in the coming decades”. (Pearson-Stuttard et al., 2019) Addressing the population and service challenges presented by multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity) is a local and national priority and a major strategic priority for the NIHR. It was highlighted in the ...


Improving men’s health outcomes

This Collection brings together evidence from research funded or supported by NIHR about some ways to improve particular men’s health outcomes. Three of the Alerts we have chosen concern prostate cancer, the most commonly-diagnosed cancer in the UK. Across the UK, one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime and ...


Patient experience

From the moment of diagnosis  to the provision of support, understanding patient experience is a key step to improving quality of care. An evidence-based approach to patient experience can help ensure health and care services listen to and work with patients to improve the experience of care. This Collection brings together NIHR research relating to ...



Dementia is a group of symptoms associated with a loss of brain function. The symptoms can include loss of memory, mood changes and confusion. There are many different causes of dementia, and many different types, including Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. In the UK,  850,000 people currently live with dementia. Around one in 14 people ...

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