Evidence

Themed Reviews

Conditions, treatments and issues explored using NIHR evidence

Overview of recent research on topics or themes that have been highlighted as being of interest by members of the community.

Themed Review

Better Health and Care for All

Download the PDF  Foreword The last thirty years has seen big changes in health and social care to support people with learning disabilities. This includes a move from long-stay hospitals to supporting more people to live well in the community. But it is not easy – and we still have a long way to go ...

Themed Review

Better Health and Care for All - Easy Read

Health and Care services for people with learning disabilities Easy read summary     This Report is about research into learning disabilities. This research was paid for by the National Institute for Health Research. This is the Easy Read Summary. There is more information in the full report.       Contents Why is this report ...

Themed Review

Improving Care by Using Patient Feedback

Summary Both staff and patients want feedback from patients about the care to be heard and acted upon and the NHS has clear policies to encourage this. Doing this in practice is, however, complex and challenging. This report features nine new research studies about using patient experience data in the NHS.  These show what organisations ...

Themed Review

Moving Matters - Interventions To Increase Physical Activity

The NIHR physical activity evidence review will be an invaluable tool to anyone working in practice or policy. Evidence should be one of the key building blocks for any decisions. It helps decision makers determine what works and what doesn’t, what should be commissioned and prioritised, and (equally important) what should be stopped. The beauty ...

Themed Review

Staffing on Wards: Making decisions about healthcare staffing

Download the PDF Summary The nature of patient needs and ward activity  is changing. Inpatients tend to be more ill than they used to be, many with complex needs often arising from multiple long-term conditions. At the same time, hospitals face the challenges of a shortage and high turnover of registered nurses. This review presents ...

Themed Review

Help at Home - Use of assistive technology for older people

Download PDF  Summary More people are living longer with complex conditions and needs. Technology can help people to stay living well and safely at home as they get older. But technology is changing rapidly and it can be challenging to get the right technology for the right person with the right support. There has been ...

Themed Review

Moving Forward - Physiotherapy for Musculoskeletal Health and Wellbeing

Musculoskeletal problems are the leading cause of pain and disability in the UK. Characterised by pain and loss of function, these conditions can diminish quality of life, impact on family and social relationships, make everyday activities difficult and limit a person’s capacity to work. Physiotherapy is important for preventing and reducing the negative impacts of musculoskeletal conditions. Moving Forward provides an overview of research ...

Themed Review

Forward Thinking - Support for people with severe mental illness

Severe mental illness (SMI) affects somewhere between one in one hundred and one in two hundred adults. People with severe mental illness, like schizophrenia, psychosis or bipolar disorder, often experience poorer health and, as a result, die sooner than others. Psychotic illnesses can have a profound effect on people and their families, and appropriate and ...

Themed Review

Comprehensive Care - Older people with frailty in hospital

People are living longer and many are enjoying healthy lives. However, a significant percentage of older people are particularly vulnerable to even relatively minor changes in their circumstances, and so need particular attention when admitted to a hospital. Comprehensive Care looks at the concept of ‘frailty’ in older people living in hospital. It brings together NIHR ...

Themed Review

Advancing Care - Research with care homes

There are more than twice as many people living in care homes in England and Wales, than there are people staying in hospital. Yet we know far more about effective treatments in hospital and less about what works most effectively to improve care for older people in care homes. Research in care homes is a ...

Themed Review

Roads to Recovery - Organisation and quality of stroke services

Stroke is a devastating disease affecting many people as well as being an area of substantial health and care spend. It represents around 5% of total NHS costs and is the fourth largest cause of death in the UK. Recent years have seen huge improvements in the clinical management of people with stroke with early assessment, use of thrombolysis ...

Themed Review

Better Beginnings - Improving health for pregnancy

Being healthy is the best start to pregnancy for a woman and child. Preparing for pregnancy can focus attention on health, such as eating a healthy balanced diet or losing excess weight, as well as avoiding risks from smoking, alcohol and drug use. Ensuring the best care for long-term physical and mental health conditions is important for a healthy ...

Themed Review

On the Level - Evidence for action on type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition. It doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease, is the most common reason for severe kidney disease and is the second most common cause of blindness in working age adults. The disease is a major public health challenge, with many people not knowing they have diabetes and many more ...

Themed Review

Care at the Scene - Research for ambulance services

The role and the scope of ambulance services has changed radically over recent decades. The ambulance service is now expected to provide complete pre-hospital care. The majority of 999 calls are not traffic accidents or heart attacks. More typically, calls involve people with complex and ongoing health problems experiencing a crisis. This could be an ...

Themed Review

Better Endings - Right care, right place, right time

Helping people to die with dignity, compassion and comfort is an important goal of any health service. Recent accounts have provided rich insights into some of the challenges for healthcare professionals trying to meet the needs of people at the end of life, ranging from reports of inequalities in access to specialist palliative care to skills and ...

15 Results 10 20 30 Results per page