Evidence

Themed Reviews

Conditions, treatments and issues explored using NIHR evidence

Overview of recent research on topics or themes that have been highlighted as being of interest by members of the community.

Themed Review

Comprehensive Care - Older people with frailty in hospital

People are living longer and many are enjoying healthy lives. However, a significant percentage of older people are particularly vulnerable to even relatively minor changes in their circumstances, and so need particular attention when admitted to a hospital. Comprehensive Care looks at the concept of ‘frailty’ in older people living in hospital. It brings together NIHR ...

Themed Review

Advancing Care - Research with care homes

There are more than twice as many people living in care homes in England and Wales, than there are people staying in hospital. Yet we know far more about effective treatments in hospital and less about what works most effectively to improve care for older people in care homes. Research in care homes is a ...

Themed Review

Roads to Recovery - Organisation and quality of stroke services

Stroke is a devastating disease affecting many people as well as being an area of substantial health and care spend. It represents around 5% of total NHS costs and is the fourth largest cause of death in the UK. Recent years have seen huge improvements in the clinical management of people with stroke with early assessment, use of thrombolysis ...

Themed Review

Better Beginnings - Improving health for pregnancy

Being healthy is the best start to pregnancy for a woman and child. Preparing for pregnancy can focus attention on health, such as eating a healthy balanced diet or losing excess weight, as well as avoiding risks from smoking, alcohol and drug use. Ensuring the best care for long-term physical and mental health conditions is important for a healthy ...

Themed Review

On the Level - Evidence for action on type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition. It doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease, is the most common reason for severe kidney disease and is the second most common cause of blindness in working age adults. The disease is a major public health challenge, with many people not knowing they have diabetes and many more ...

Themed Review

Care at the Scene - Research for ambulance services

The role and the scope of ambulance services has changed radically over recent decades. The ambulance service is now expected to provide complete pre-hospital care. The majority of 999 calls are not traffic accidents or heart attacks. More typically, calls involve people with complex and ongoing health problems experiencing a crisis. This could be an ...

Themed Review

Better Endings - Right care, right place, right time

Helping people to die with dignity, compassion and comfort is an important goal of any health service. Recent accounts have provided rich insights into some of the challenges for healthcare professionals trying to meet the needs of people at the end of life, ranging from reports of inequalities in access to specialist palliative care to skills and ...

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