Evidence
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Eplerenone does not improve vision in people with central serous chorioretinopathy

Eplerenone, a drug used for people with central serous chorioretinopathy, is no more effective than placebo. Neither visual acuity nor the build-up of fluid in the eye shows an important improvement. Central serous chorioretinopathy is a serious eye condition that causes blurred and distorted vision. Fluid collects underneath the macula, which is the central area …

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A patch or eye drops are similarly effective for the treatment of “lazy eye” in children

Both the use of a patch or atropine eye drops are equally suitable methods for improving clarity of vision (visual acuity) in children and young adults with amblyopia (a “lazy eye”). Amblyopia is a cause of poor vision in childhood that usually affects only one eye, resulting in the individual relying more on the good …

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A laser eye procedure can be effective and safe if used early as treatment for glaucoma

Using a laser to improve drainage of fluid within the eye showed similar results to eye drops as a first-line treatment for adults with open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension (raised pressure in the eye). It improved vision without increasing the risk of adverse events. It was preferred by patients and also associated with lower …

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Fish oil supplements are ineffective for treating dry eyes

Omega-3 fatty acids or ‘fish oil’ supplements are no more effective than inactive olive oil capsules for relieving dry eye disease. Some patients take fish oil supplements for this common problem, but this new evidence suggests that they consider alternatives. Dry eye disease is a common long-term inflammatory condition causing discomfort, and disturbances including blurred …

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Financial incentives do not increase attendance for diabetic eye screening

Two types of financial incentives are not effective at increasing attendance at eye screening for people with diabetes who do not regularly attend screening. Surprisingly, financial incentives may even reduce the numbers of people attending screening. Retinopathy is a type of eye disease common to people with diabetes. Sight deteriorates only in the later stages …

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Antibiotics by injection into the eye can prevent severe infection following cataract surgery

Injecting the antibiotics vancomycin or moxifloxacin into the eyeball after eye surgery can reduce the risk of developing severe infection inside the eye (endophthalmitis) compared to other routes. Cefuroxime is currently the antibiotic of choice for this in the UK, but researchers wanted to see if drugs with lower rates of resistance might also be …

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Eye surgery to remove the lens shows promise for treating early glaucoma

Lens extraction, a procedure usually used to remove cataracts, could be a better first choice for some people with one type of glaucoma than laser treatment. Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions which damage the optic nerve and eventually lead to blindness. Commonly the pressure within the eye is raised and nerve damage can …

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Wearing a patch after a scratch to the eye probably makes no difference to healing

After a scratch or minor damage to the outer layer of the eye (corneal abrasion), wearing an eye patch is unlikely to reduce pain at 24 hours and might not lead to quicker healing after 24 hours. Patching the eye was compared to leaving the eye uncovered. Eye patches did not significantly affect symptoms such …

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Optometrists are cautious, but may be as good as ophthalmologists at monitoring a common cause of blindness

Optometrists seem to be as good as ophthalmologists at correctly classifying wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Wet AMD is a condition where new blood vessels develop at the back of the eye to supply the damaged macula, responsible for central vision. It can cause permanent vision loss if not treated quickly. Monthly follow-up in specialist …

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New tests by a technician in glaucoma clinics could free up specialist appointments

Reorganising glaucoma clinics to include new imaging tests undertaken by technicians appeared to have potential for releasing specialist time compared to usual care. However, the practicalities of adding the tests to current pathways of care in eye clinics will need further assessment. Four strategies included imaging of the back of the eye plus standard eyesight …

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