Evidence

Collections

Bringing together NIHR research on a particular theme

Overview of recent research on topics or themes that have been highlighted as being of interest by members of the community.

Collection

Clinical decision support tools

Clinical decision support tools aim to improve healthcare delivery by enhancing decision making through the provision of targeted health information. The evolution of clinical decision support tools has been boosted by the introduction of new technologies, and their evaluation as useful resources continues to be an area of high interest for health professionals. This Collection ...

Collection

Mental health and COVID-19

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic and the constraints it has imposed on people is an issue of interest and concern to patients, service users, carers and health and social care professionals alike. In pandemic conditions it is likely that people’s existing mental health problems may get worse. Mental health may also decline because of social ...

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5 ways research could save the NHS money

More than 80% of total knee replacements can last for 25 years An NIHR-funded study showed that about 82% of total knee replacements and 70% of partial (unicompartmental) knee replacements last for 25 years. In 2017 there were 106,334 knee replacement procedures carried out in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. This research suggests people could be ...

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My Signals - Depression

In Collections, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked nine mental health practitioners and members of the public to tell us which Alerts have interested them most. Michelle Edgar A former ...

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My Signals - Patients, 2019

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked seven members of the public to tell us which Signals have interested them most and explain why they feel the findings ...

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My Signals - Occupational Therapy

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. In this collection, we asked seven occupational therapists to tell us which Signals have interested them most and explain why they feel the findings are worth ...

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Financial Incentives for Patients

Whether attending screening appointments, taking medication correctly, quitting smoking, or increasing physical activity, there are many situations where changing behaviour is important for health. However, it is often not clear how best to help people make healthy changes. In the case of tobacco or alcohol consumption, there is good evidence that financial disincentives, such as ...

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Management of Labour

Labour has three stages: The first stage is when the neck of the womb opens to 10cm dilated. The second stage is when the baby moves down through the vagina and is born. The third stage is when the placenta (afterbirth) is delivered. Labour and birth are intense and personal experiences.  Pregnancy can be a time of great anticipation and excitement but parents-to-be ...

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Nine ways research could save the NHS money

Nine ways research could save the NHS money In this highlight, we have carefully selected nine NIHR Signals that show how research could help to save the NHS money. This collection covers a range of treatments and initiatives that are cost effective for the NHS. You can find out more about Signals or read the latest on the Discover Portal. ...

Collection

My Signals - Physiotherapy Collection

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. In this collection, we ...

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My Signals - Nurses Collection

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. In this collection, we ...

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How commissioners use research evidence

Researchers want their work to be used and useful, but may not always understand the context in which decisions are made. Most health and care organisations aim to base decisions on the best available evidence, but accessing and interpreting the right evidence at the right time is hard. Researchers need to do what they can ...

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My Signals - Surgery

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. In this collection, Jane Blazeby ...

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My Signals - General Practice

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals on the here. We asked three ...

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Childhood eczema

Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition, characterised by dry, itchy and red skin. It can affect both children and adults, and is very individual in nature. Childhood eczema is usually the ‘atopic’ type, which commonly starts in childhood, often runs in families, and is linked to allergies and other allergic conditions like asthma and hay ...

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My Signals - Public Health Collection

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. In this collection, Dr Rupert ...

Collection

My Signals - Patients

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. We asked four members ...

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common mental health condition where everyday life is disrupted by intrusive thoughts and often repetitive rituals to cope with them, such as excessive hand washing or checking whether doors are locked. This makes it difficult to lead a normal life and is costly to the sufferer and wider society, ...

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Patient experience of primary care

Every year since 2007 the NHS in England asked patients what they think about their GP practice in a large national survey. The survey findings are intended to inform patients, healthcare professionals and planners about patients’ experience of the care provided by individual practices in England. This Highlight shares insights obtained from research using this ...

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Options in the care of people with depression

Depression may affect more than one in ten of the UK population at any one time, and cost the NHS in excess of £500m per year, with high additional costs in informal care and lost working time. Depression is typically a recurring condition, and more than half of people who experience depression once will go ...

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Pandemic flu

Every winter, many of us will get the flu. Most people will get better after a few days, but for certain vulnerable people, it can have serious consequences, including pneumonia. The prevailing strain of virus changes a little every year and an annual programme of immunisation, with a fresh vaccine, is conducted during the autumn ...

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Alternatives to open surgery

Over ten million people in the UK are living with musculoskeletal conditions, such as arthritis and the effects of fractures and other injuries. They are the reason for at least 20% of all visits to the GP. These conditions become more common in an ageing population, due to wear and tear on the joints, obesity, ...

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Managing obesity in men

In the UK, it’s estimated that around one in every four adults is obese, with research suggesting that ratio is likely to increase over time. Obesity is associated with a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions including stroke, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and some types of cancer. Although men are more likely ...

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Cognitive therapies for depression

While depression is often treated with anti-depressant medication, there is good evidence that cognitive therapies are also effective. These are 'talking therapies' which aim to help people with depression to minimise the impact of negative thoughts and develop strategies for coping with difficult feelings or situations. There are a range of these therapies, but this ...

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Supporting carers of people with dementia

Dementia is becoming more common as we live longer. Caring for people with dementia is demanding, with increased dependency as the disease progresses and behaviour which is often challenging. Many carers are older and may have their own health problems as well. We need to know more about the needs of carers and which kinds ...

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