Evidence
Alert

A nurse-led intervention did not reduce post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in critical care patients

For adults in critical care, a complex psychological intervention delivered by nurses did not reduce the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms at six months, compared with usual care. The intervention included creating a therapeutic environment, three stress support sessions, and a relaxation/recovery programme. A cost-effectiveness evaluation showed great uncertainty over whether the programme ...

Themed Review

Moving Matters - Interventions To Increase Physical Activity

The NIHR physical activity evidence review will be an invaluable tool to anyone working in practice or policy. Evidence should be one of the key building blocks for any decisions. It helps decision makers determine what works and what doesn’t, what should be commissioned and prioritised, and (equally important) what should be stopped. The beauty ...

Alert

Training for clinical competence and resilience reduced job strain among intensive care nurses in France

A five-day educational course showed potential to reduce work-based stress and burnout among nurses working in intensive care units in France. The study conducted in multiple adult intensive care units aimed to identify the effects of an intensive, continuing medical education program on occupational stress. The course focussed on nursing theory, role-play and debriefing sessions. ...

Collection

My Signals - Nurses Collection

In My Signals, health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find the latest NIHR Signals here. In this collection, we ...

Alert

A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain

The Healthy Lifestyle Programme delivered to 9-10-year-old school children did not reduce their weight over the course of two years. Around a third remained overweight or obese, the same as in schools that followed the standard syllabus. This trial, funded by the NIHR, assigned schools across Devon to follow a lifestyle programme in Year five. ...

Alert

Individual support of nurses using electronic medicine monitors can improve HIV treatment

Use of electronic pill bottles that record when they are opened and follow-up discussion of the printed readouts with nurses improved HIV outcomes. It is thought that patients became more reliable in taking the medication, which can have complicated scheduling. Overall, the HIV virus in the blood and the risk of treatment failure were lower ...

Alert

A supervised toothbrushing programme in nurseries reduced dental treatment costs

This cost analysis showed that a Scotland-wide programme of supervised toothbrushing in nurseries is linked to large savings in dental treatment costs because of the reduced levels of tooth decay in five year-old children. In the eighth year, the programme saved more than two and a half times the programme’s cost of implementation. The greatest ...

Alert

Designing successful telehealth interventions

This NIHR-funded review identified three general principles for designing effective telehealth programmes for people with long-term health conditions. First, the technologies need to help people living with disease to build effective relationships with doctors, nurses and others. Second, there needs to be a good fit between the technology and everyday routine of the patient. Thirdly, the ...

Alert

Reviewing inhaler technique for older people with COPD can improve disease control

Educating older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma about the correct way to use their inhalers, as part of disease management, can reduce their risk of exacerbations. Either a demonstration using a placebo inhaler or written information appears effective for this. This review pooled the results of four trials, with a total of ...

Alert

Better access to healthcare for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities is key to increasing vaccination rates: research makes five recommendations

Better access to healthcare services is the most important step in improving vaccination rates for people in Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities. New research suggests that easier access is more important than addressing beliefs about vaccine safety or the need for vaccination. Researchers set up a series of workshops for healthcare providers and representatives of ...

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