Evidence
Alert

Stricter alcohol licensing policies were linked to declines in crime rates

Local authorities with stricter alcohol licensing policies saw the greatest decline in alcohol-related crime between 2009 and 2013, but from a higher base. Violent crime reduced from 6.1 to 4.9 per 1000 people, compared to a reduction from 3.9 to 3.3 per 1000 in areas with more “passive” policies. Reporting of offences did rise again ...

Alert

Young children from deprived areas are more at risk of serious burns and scalds

Five in every 1,000 children under four are injured by burns and scalds each year in England, although these injuries are becoming less common. Serious injuries needing hospital treatment happen more often to children from deprived areas than wealthy areas. The study looked at general practice data from 1998 to 2013. It showed a steady ...

Alert

Young people often have negative views of sex and relationship education

Sex and relationship education in schools is intended to safeguard children from harmful relationships and promote sexual health. This review of 55 qualitative studies, mainly from the UK, suggests the classes do neither and may be failing to prepare, protect or engage young people. Most studies covered secondary school sex and relationship education for pupils ...

Collection

Pandemic flu

Every winter, many of us will get the flu. Most people will get better after a few days, but for certain vulnerable people, it can have serious consequences, including pneumonia. The prevailing strain of virus changes a little every year and an annual programme of immunisation, with a fresh vaccine, is conducted during the autumn ...

Alert

Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work

Brief education and motivational interventions delivered by primary care professionals in several short consultations had only a marginal effect on weight loss among overweight or mildly obese children and young people. Obesity can cause immediate health and wellbeing issues in children but also has significant implications for their long term health. Given that many of ...

Alert

Education targeted at both parents and GPs reduces antibiotic prescribing for children

Interventions aimed at improving communication between GPs and parents could reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing for childhood upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold. Inappropriate use of antibiotics has contributed to antibiotic resistance, resulting in impossible or difficult to treat infections. Parents, as well as GPs, influence the decision to prescribe antibiotics. Educational interventions that ...

Alert

Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity

Surgery is a cost-effective method of weight loss for severely and morbidly obese people. This study of general practice data compared health costs and outcomes for people with severe or morbid obesity who underwent surgery and those who did not. Surgery was associated with a reduced chance of developing diabetes and an increased chance of ...

Alert

Annual health checks for people with intellectual disabilities reduce preventable emergency admissions

Annual health checks for people with intellectual disabilities in England, introduced in 2009, reduced emergency admissions for potentially preventable conditions, such as constipation or choking on food, by about a quarter. However they have not reduced overall emergency or elective admissions to hospital. The benefits were clearer for people with more severe and complex health ...

Alert

Building an urban motorway did not reduce traffic accidents locally

Extending the M74 motorway above Glasgow’s existing road network in 2011 has not affected the number or severity of road traffic accidents in the area. While the number of accidents fell by around 50% between 1997 and 2014, similar reductions were seen across other areas not affected by the motorway, suggesting a general trend of ...

Alert

Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover

New research show that the total cost of the 2012-13 measles outbreak in Merseyside (£4.4 million) was more than twenty times the cost of the vaccinations that could have prevented it (£182,909). The cost incorporated for the first time estimates of lost employment from having measles or looking after someone with it, and accounted for ...

115 Results 10 20 30 Results per page